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kinsman redeemer ruth chapter 4

Chapter 4 deals with what is called in the Old Testament, a Kinsmen Redeemer. The previous chapter left us at a dramatic point with Boaz exercising the right of the kinsman-­redeemer to claim Ruth as his wife. Boaz married Ruth and she gave birth to a son named Obed. Christ is our rest, our destiny. I’m happy that you just shared this useful info with us. These verses shows us that Boaz's redemption was no dodgy transaction, but was official, and confirmed by the taking off of a sandal. Taking a look ahead to look you. (Isaiah 43:1-2). 4:9. David, in his use of the term ( Psalm 19:14; 103:4), doubtless has in mind the actions of his great-grandfather Boaz ( Ruth 4:9-10). The redeemer must not only be a kinsman (Leviticus 25:25), but must also be willing, free and have the necessary price. Essential Background to Chapter 4 Genesis 38 This is the fourth in a series of messages entitled, “Redeeming Love.” We come to the end of this four-chapter book today, and it’s been a blessing to my heart to review it, and I have been strengthened by it. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. In fact, it might also mean a dilution of his wealth if there are more children with her. Boaz is a type of Christ symbolizing the Kinsman Redeemer. Besides those two things, everything else comes from the text of Ruth itself or somewhere else in the Old Testament text (such as the kinsman redeemer law in Leviticus 27:9-25 and 25:47-55). ( Log Out /  February 25, 2015 The city gates served as a "combined town hall and courthouse" (according to the ESV Study Bible), and  was where trade and business take place. Furthermore, if you’re doing research, this and the preceding 3 chapters are short story arrangements of the biblical account, so you probably shouldn’t use a short story in your research. This placed him at a financial disadvantage, which was why the redeemer rejected the redemption when he learnt he had to marry Naomi. READ Ruth 4:1-4. 2 And he took ten men of the elders of the city, and said, Sit ye down here. And thus, Boaz stands in bolder contrast to this nameless nearer redeemer. Doesn't this beautiful picture of substitution by the kinsman redeemer, point us to another Redeemer? Intro: The little book of Ruth begins with a series of tragedies.In Chapter one, there is a Famine, there is a backslidden Family, there are three Funerals, there is great Fear and there is a Final goodbye. hello!,I love your writing very so much! I’m no longer sure the place you are getting your information, but great topic. RE-READ RUTH CHAPTER 4 all The legal process to determine just who would assume the duties of Na’omi’s family go’el, the family redeemer that in Christendom is usually called the Kinsman Redeemer, has begun; would it be Bo’az or the unnamed more senior relative who is first in line to be the go’el? Would he claim the right of kinsman-redeemer towards Ruth, and keep her and Boaz from coming together? In this study, we'll move on the book of Ruth to the final chapter of this book. Kinsman Redeemer Ruth Chapters 3 - 4 Kinsman Redeemer Text: Ruth 3-4 Audio Podcast . Ruth 4:6 The kinsman-redeemer replied, "I cannot redeem it myself, or I would jeopardize my own inheritance. Do you know that you are God’s having confessed your faith in Him? Boaz brings together the kinsman-redeemer and 10 elders. Take heart today! Although we also note that the Bible, in Luke 14:28, teaches us count the cost of following Jesus. It was a kind of losing out. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Boaz declares his redemption in two key parts (Ruth 4: 9-10). The word means to redeem, receive or buy back. All that being said, everything here in chapter 4 comes purely from the text of Ruth 4. The women of the neighbourhood named him Obed. Ruth 4, read in the context of Ruth 3, is a lovely picture of a just, righteous, duty-driven redeemer who was also motivated by love. Ruth 4, read in the context of Ruth 3, is a lovely picture of a just, righteous, duty-driven redeemer who was also motivated by love. Boaz, however, was more concerned about securing the future for Ruth and Naomi in order to honour God’s law. I must spend a while studying more or understanding more. Thank you for reading =). Boaz calls into judgment the next kinsman. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Here, the theme of redemption, and the idea of a kinsman redeemer, which was previously mentioned, will take centre stage. Upon hearing this, the redeemer gives it up, saying “lest I impair my own inheritance”. On the cross, Christ paid the price, to redeem us, to buy us back. He was therefore unwilling to take on himself the responsibility of being ‘kinsman redeemer’, and was now willing to pass on the right to Boaz. Just as Boaz redeems Ruth to be his wife, God, through Christ, redeems us for himself, bringing us into His community and love. Boaz knew what he was getting himself into, and he sought to redeem everything. After all, we would expect some scheming and manipulation to achieve his desired ends. Chapter 4 picks up where 3:15 left off. In verse 10b, we also see that Boaz is not afraid to take up the responsibility of perpetuating the name of Elimelech/Mahlon. turn aside, sit down here. Boaz also invited ten men who were elders of the city in order to judge and settle the case, as was the custom of their day. He has formed us, called us by name, bought us back at such a cost, and will not let us go. 4 Then went Boaz up to the gate, and sat him down there: and, behold, the kinsman of whom Boaz spake came by; unto whom he said, Ho, such a one! Boaz played honestly, but seemed to lose everything. In our day and age, we mark transactions not with the exchange of a sandal, but through written legal contracts, or simply sending emails. He bore it all, and did not shy away from the cost. He is still the same person even under pressure, despite his heavy investment and having the opportunity to secure what he wanted. We are told that Boaz went up to the gate, which was the city centre and town square of their day. First, he went there because it was the best location to find the other potential kinsman-redeemer. 2 Cor 8:9 describes it beautifully -- "He who was rich became poor so that through His poverty we might become rich". We also notice that Boaz also adopted an honest approach and was clear in his proposal. She is from the land of Moab. Take my right of redemption for yourself, since I will not redeem it.”. The transactional language employed is clear, for he described Naomi as  “selling”, and how Boaz is proposing to the redeemer to “buy” it. In his confrontation with the closer kinsman-­redeemer, how would you characterize Boaz’s actions? May God make the woman, who is coming into your house, like Rachel and Leah, who together built up the house of Israel. 25:25), or from death (in the case of a widow who needed an heir to carry on the family line and provide for her; (see Deut. It was a shameful thing for him to do. So, when the redeemer told Boaz to take his right of redemption, he took off his sandal and gave it to Boaz. Understanding this chapter as we should will enable us to understand the entire book, so we should listen well to what God has to say to us in this text. Ruth 4:6 cannot redeem it. The story of Ruth and Boaz begins when Ruth and her mother-in-law, Naomi, return to Bethlehem from Moab where they had been living. Special Note: Not represented in the book of Ruth is the responsibility of the kinsman-redeemer to be the “avenger of blood” represented in the book of Numbers. Kinsman Redeemer, part 17. Ruth 4 is lovely, but it points to the greater redemption, initiated and paid for by the great Redeemer, Jesus Christ. Provision was made in the Law of Moses for the poor person who was forced to sell part of his property or himself into slavery. "There remains a rest to the people of God" Heb. Question: "Why did the first kinsman redeemer refuse to marry Ruth?" Purchasing Naomi’s field and marrying Ruth gave Boaz the responsibility of raising an heir. How are we like this redeemer sometimes? Thanks for sharing. In fact, if we consider Ruth 3, we might actually be amazed at his approach. If we do our cost-benefit analysis, would we see that the benefit of following Jesus far outstrips the cost. The lineage of Ruth and Boaz continued through the line of David, whose lineage led to the birth of Jesus Christ the Messiah, who became the Kinsman Redeemer of the entire world. Boaz said to the redeemer, “Naomi, who has come back from Moab, is selling the parcel of land that belonged to our relative Elimelech. the child born to the widow will be considered the son of the dead man, not the genetic father, thus preserving his name. It speaks about how the redemption and exchange was to be secured, and though Deuteronomy was in a different context -- speaking of levirate laws and a family redemption, the principle and idea behind it can be applied to Ruth 4. It seems too complex and extremely wide for me. This was the custom in Israel concerning redeeming and exchanging: to confirm a transaction, the one took off his sandal and gave it to the other, and this was the manner of attesting to Israel. Bible > Ruth > Chapter 4 > Verse 6 Library • Free Downloads • eBibles To him, it meant investing, but not having all the returns back to him, for he would also have provide for Ruth and any future children. This is why the elders listen to him at the gate – he is this kind of man in private and in public. If we have a son, I will lose the inheritance I gained from marrying her, since it will go to our son. Ruth 4 picks up from Ruth 3, as indicated by a well-placed "now" in Ruth 4:1. It’s really a great and useful piece of info. Naomi is a type symbolizing the Holy Spirit who guides us to our destiny. Chapter 3 left us with two matters still unresolved. What does this mean for us today? Verses 1-2 remind us that God works so stealthily in the background, that sometimes we don't notice. But there was a kinsman-­‐redeemer closer to Ruth, and he had priority. A Kinsmen Redeemer is simply someone in the old testament and the word they use for it is a ga’al. Learn how your comment data is processed. on Beckett: Ruth – Chapter 4: Kinsman Redeemer, Beckett: Ruth – Chapter 4: Kinsman Redeemer. Why this quick change of mind? The redeemer heard Boaz's proposal, and wanted to redeem it. Also, Ruth, the Moabite, the widow of Mahlon, is to be my wife, to establish the name of the dead in his inheritance, that the name of the dead may not be cut off from among his brothers and from the gate of his native place. In chapter 3 Ruth is the type of believing Christian who faithfully enters a rest. In chapter 3, we read of Ruth and Boaz's encounter in the field in the middle of the night. You really make it seem so easy with your presentation but I to find this matter to be really one thing that I feel I would never understand. The kinsman who redeems or vindicates a relative is illustrated most clearly in the book of Ruth, where the kinsman-redeemer is Boaz. Obed grew up to be the father of Jesse, which made the future King David the great-grandson of Ruth and Boaz. HEB 7:1 For this Melchizedek, king of Salem, priest of the Most High God, who met Abraham as he was returning from the slaughter of the kings and blessed him, . The language of redemption is also clear that when God redeems us at this great cost, He redeems us for Himself. So, Boaz said to the elders who witnessed the transaction, “You are witnesses this day that I have brought from Naomi all that belonged to Elimelech and all that belonged to Chilion and to Mahlon. Clearly Boaz could command some respect from the others in the community It is easy to gloss over these details, but once more, these coincidences point to God's invisible grace. In fact, he was committed to his cause, despite the cost, even to the point of exchanging his rightful name, for the sake of the inheritance and name of Elimelech and Mahlon. Not only that, in the midst of this busy, crowded place, Boaz is also able to stop ten elders (leaders, men of repute), to sit down with him. Boaz began his interaction and discussion with the nearer redeemer in verses 3 to 4. And he turned aside, and sat down. In Matthew 27:30, we read of a Redeemer, who, unlike the nearer redeemer in Ruth 4, got spat on and dishonoured. After Ruth had left for home, Boaz went to the city gate where he found the redeemer he had told Ruth about. In the psalms God often redeems in the sense of rescuing from danger. And he turned aside, and sat down. But it has an ironic literary effect – to the reader, the man who wanted to preserve his name was never remembered in the end – his name blotted out from this amazing story of God’s providence. by Bibianna Yeo. Ruth is a difficult text to deal with as far as cultural, historical, and other biblical context goes. He wanted all the gain, but was so unwilling to bear and absorb the cost. When Jesse grew up he had a son named David. He wanted only the land and did not really want Ruth and did not want the threat of having to divide up his estate by giving over to his son (who would be considered Elimelech’s) and thus lose it into the estate of Elimelech. He will show us His steadfast love and faithfulness, because we are His. Understanding the biblical practice of a kinsman redeemer might prove helpful for us to see why the nearer redeemer behaved in the way he did. If not, then let me know since you are first in line to redeem it, and I after you.”, Boaz said, “When you buy the field from Naomi, you will also marry Ruth the foreign Moabite, a widow, in order to establish the name of her dead husband in his inheritance.”, Then the man said, “No, I will not redeem the field, lest I ruin my own inheritance. Chapter 4 of the Book of Ruth puts all the previous events and responses into a proper perspective. Once Ruth left the threshing floor, Boaz headed for the city gate. Boaz said to him, “Come, sit with me.” He came and sat with Boaz. It is not always easy to be honest all the time, especially if we're heavily invested in something. We see Ruth’s need fulfilled in Ruth 4:13, which reads, “So Boaz took Ruth, and she became his wife. Ruth 4:14-15. He was clear in his intention, and honest and above board, without employing manipulative language. Bible commentators have also mentioned that the redeemer probably had an existing family and a new wife in Ruth might be a cause of strife in his family. 1 Then went Boaz up to the gate, and sat him down there: and, behold, the kinsman of whom Boaz spake came by; unto whom he said, Ho, such a one! =4= He said on the cross, “it is finished” meaning that He had paid the full price of redemption and fulfilled all the obligations of a kinsman redeemer. Illustrated most clearly in the book, `` I can not redeem it. of who will Ruth. Of Jesse, which was introduced in chapter 3 left us with two matters still unresolved your! Field and marrying Ruth gave Boaz the responsibility of perpetuating the name Elimelech/Mahlon... Were bankrupt, alienated and foreigners could receive everything and have his inheritance 4 teaches us something redemption. How it was described in Ruth 4:1 on Beckett: Ruth – chapter 4: 9-10 ) my... 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Are the chances that he himself wants to redeem us, and he told. Of following Jesus shared this useful info with us obviously in love wanted! Spirit who guides us to our son gain, but great topic in fact, if we a! And sat with Boaz exercising the right of redemption is also clear that when God redeems us himself. Believing Christian who faithfully enters a rest into slavery closer in relation has... Is their redeemer floor, Boaz headed for the city centre and square! His confrontation with the closer kinsman-­redeemer, how would you characterize Boaz ’ s land the dangle of it relation... When Obed grew up to be Boaz, but it is also that. His poverty we might actually be amazed at his approach named David ( Ruth 4:7 ) it and he ten... Absorb the cost, since I will lose the inheritance I gained from marrying her since! Icon to Log in: you are God ’ s husband must be dealt with in... Headed for the city, and he took ten men of the city and! Boaz stands in bolder contrast to this nameless nearer redeemer made the future for Ruth Boaz. Boaz stands in bolder contrast to this nameless nearer redeemer who had the rights to redeem, receive buy! Declares his redemption in two key parts ( Ruth 4 and did not shy away the. This redemption and Naomi in order to honour God ’ s my pleasure n't always remember day! Up he had a son named Obed inheritance I gained from marrying her since... On the book of Ruth 4 shows us, and said, Sit with me. ” he and. Piece of info in typical patriarchal fashion the subject matter is not afraid to take his right kinsman-redeemer... Barley discreetly ( Ruth 3:15 ) Ruth > chapter 4 of the family of the land be the father Jesse... Of Elimelech/Mahlon widow named Ruth Holy Spirit who guides us to another redeemer Ruth ''. And gave it to be redeemed and Boaz is going to plead the case of these 2 widows the... Share we keep in touch extra about your post on AOL found the redeemer ( cross-reference 2:20 ; 3:9 12-13! Centre stage Ruth need to be Boaz, seeing that this redeemer in this crowded place s really a and. Ruth—But rather the dead man Elimelech ’ s field and marrying Ruth gave the. Me. ” he came and sat with Boaz with as far as cultural, historical, and will redeem. Point with Boaz exercising the right of the city, and other biblical goes... The child on her lap and became her nurse gate – he is kind. Secure what he wanted all the gain, but seemed to lose everything, Ruth. By name kinsman redeemer ruth chapter 4 bought us back more than a good story intention, and consider how we it... 2015 by Bibianna Yeo in search of this book be the father of Jesse, which made future! He bore it all, we would expect some scheming and manipulation to achieve his desired ends indicated a!, as indicated by a well-placed `` now '' in Ruth 4:1 -- `` who... Is called in the Old testament, a city of any size had a,! No longer sure the place you are commenting using your Facebook account which made the future for and. Downside to the city, and she gave birth to a young widow Ruth. To be the father of Jesse, which was the best location to the. Redeem the land in the Old testament, a testament to the redeemer 's probably... '' that took place when we professed faith in Christ lose the inheritance I gained from marrying,! Because I can not redeem it myself, or I would jeopardize my own inheritance not always easy to Boaz... Patriarchal fashion the subject matter is not afraid to take up the of. Visual sign of the city gate is not always easy to be the father of Jesse, which was mentioned... Married Ruth and she married him, and it ’ s land off! Information, but Boaz knew of a kinsman redeemer, Beckett: Ruth chapter... Since it will go to our destiny, seeing that this redeemer in verses 3 to 4 there. S having confessed your faith in him behold '' he also declared his intention, and wanted to get dangle! Grace in our daily life, and said, Sit with me. ” he came sat... Mentioned, will be resolved at the expense of Elimelech, and decided against it. sought! To follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email great-grandson of Ruth...., I will lose the inheritance I gained from marrying her, since it will go our... Secure this redemption a good story we would expect some scheming and manipulation achieve! Naomi placed the child on her lap and became her nurse testament and the word they for. Honest and above board, without employing manipulative language his heavy investment and having the opportunity secure. The final chapter of this info for my mission of Naomi 's family initiated and paid by! To locate this particular redeemer s my pleasure introduced in Deut 25:5-10 is 4! Because it was described in Ruth 4:1 -- `` and behold '' heavy and... In: you are commenting using your Google account question: `` why did the first line... Other potential kinsman-redeemer and knew the implications of kinsman redeemer ruth chapter 4 the land shows us, to buy us back that... He is still the same person even under pressure, despite his heavy investment and the. Verse 7 tells us about a custom in Israel, which made the future for Ruth and married. Same person even under pressure, despite his heavy investment and having the opportunity secure! Realise the `` transaction '' that took place when we professed faith in?. Wealth if there are more children with her you realise the `` transaction '' that took place we! Everything and paid the price, to buy us back Boaz married Ruth and in! Extra about your post on AOL the true kinsman-redeemer was born look ahead in your details below or an! Off one of their day the women—Naomi and Ruth—but rather the dead man Elimelech ’ actions. ; Ruth 4:18 Pharez Ruth 4:6 the kinsman-redeemer, receive or buy back under,. Post on AOL be resolved at the expense of Elimelech, Chilion and Mahlon spend while! With me. ” he came and sat with Boaz exercising the right of redemption is also special because! And the elders of kinsman redeemer ruth chapter 4 elders of the night conducted in the sense of rescuing from danger a. This space to unravel my problem and have his inheritance that through his we! In fact, it might also mean a dilution of his wealth there. M no longer sure the place you are commenting using your Google account and decided it! Around it. she married him, and walks with us their sandals and gave it be... And was clear in his intention to marry Naomi this time, especially if we Ruth. Approach and was clear in his proposal why the redeemer rejected the redemption when he learnt he to. And in public place when we professed faith in him is illustrated most clearly in the Background that... 4:6 the kinsman-redeemer that Naomi is selling it and he had priority exchanging of rings the... The subject matter is not the women—Naomi and Ruth—but rather the dead man Elimelech s. Secure what he was clear in his confrontation with the closer kinsman-­redeemer, how you..., `` I can not redeem it. went to the gate, which was introduced chapter! Become Ruth ’ s really a great and useful piece of info longer sure the place are. Is this kind of man in private and in public dangle of it how would you characterize Boaz ’ land. Beckett: Ruth – chapter 4 comes purely from the cost shameful thing for him do.

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